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The History of Norwich

Norwich, Norfolk is one of the great heritage cities of Europe, with a wealth of pioneering people and innovative achievements that have developed the city over time. Take a look back to where it all began …

Before the Romans invaded Iron Age Britain in AD 43, the area we know as Norfolk had been the territory of the Iceni people. The most famous leader of this tribe, Boudica, led an unsuccessful revolt against the Roman occupation in around AD 60. Following her defeat, the Romans inhabited the area for more than 300 years. The local capital became Venta Icenorum, on the River Tas, just to the south of the present-day city. You can visit this site at Caister St Edmunds, three miles outside Norwich and see the earthworks around it. The town has never been fully excavated and still lies under green fields.

Most modern cities in Britain arose out of the towns that the Romans built. Not Norwich! After the Romans, Venta Icenorum became abandoned and a new town grew up on the River Wensum. There were scattered settlements, but at the centre was Tombland. (The name has nothing to do with tombs – a “tum land” was an open space.) Nowadays, Wensum Street runs from Tombland to Fye Bridge, the ancient river crossing to “Norwich over the water”. One of the settlements here on the north bank was called “Norwic”, which eventually gave the name to the city.  More Info CLICK